Enhance your home’s existing concrete surfaces

You can enhance your home’s existing concrete areas using acid discolorations, water based discolorations, epoxy paints, and scoring techniques. If you’re tired of considering dull gray concrete, there are a few fairly easy projects for the serious do-it-yourselfer to provide your patio, driveway, garage, cellar floor, etc. a relaxing new look. Or perhaps you intend to involve some new cement installed nevertheless, you don’t want plain gray concrete. Ornamental concrete work costs double to triple that of regular concrete and many people simply can’t find the money for it. You can find inexpensive ways to decorate concrete after they have cured without having to pay skilled tradesmen.
Acid structured concrete stains are becoming increasingly more popular for colouring concrete floors. They chemically respond with the cementitious materials to produce everlasting color with variegated or mottled appearance like that of marble. This ends up with a natural, beautiful looking surface. Acid solution stains can be purchased in 8-10 different colors, mainly brown, inexperienced, and reddish globe tones. The cost is generally $60-$70 per gallon which includes 300-400 square ft. A cover of clear concrete sealer when you’re finished really brings about the colors and beauty of acid stains.
Water structured concrete spots are an alternative solution to acid spots and are much more user friendly because they’re significantly less toxic. These staining don’t chemically react with the cement; they are assimilated in to the surface pores and act like a dye. The top advantage of water based staining is the wide array of colors available. You’ll find just about any color in the spectrum and create a more vibrant and regular appearance. They also normally cost about $60-$70 per gallon which protects 300-400 square feet.
If you wish to venture beyond the essential staining of concrete, consider using some rating techniques to create habits on the surface. You may make your concrete look like a tile floor for example. It’s up to your imagination. An angle grinder with a 4 in . grinding or cutting wheel is the perfect tool for this. The important thing to keep in mind when credit scoring is to pull the structure on the concrete first and make sure you’re satisfied with just how it looks because credit scoring is irreversible. Most people don’t own an perspective grinder but you can hire one at nearly every tool local rental shop. Epoxy paints make a fantastic coating for storage area floors and basement floor surfaces. Many commercial flooring have epoxy coatings for their durability and amount of resistance to chemical spills as well as their appearance. Lately, however, it is becoming extremely popular for personal use with a growing option of different colors. This is not a difficult job, however the key to successful application is surface planning. Epoxy paints have also become available in a water based form making it safe for the do-it-yourselfer and suitable for interior applications. They cost a bit more than stains. To get a 400 square foot garage, you’ll spend about $200 for the materials needed for this project.
With a little bit of money, time, and thoughts, you can create a colourful and beautiful new look for your concrete areas.

Enhance your home’s existing concrete surfaces

You can enhance your home’s existing concrete surfaces using acid stains, water based staining, epoxy paints, and rating techniques. If you are tired of considering dull gray concrete, there are a few fairly easy jobs for the serious do-it-yourselfer to give your veranda, driveway, garage, basement floor, etc. a relaxing new look. Or simply you intend to involve some new concrete installed nevertheless, you don’t want plain gray concrete. Attractive concrete work costs dual to triple that of regular cement and many people simply can’t find the money for it. There are inexpensive ways to enhance concrete after it offers cured without having to pay skilled tradesmen.
Acid based concrete stains have become increasingly more popular for coloring concrete floors. They chemically behave with the cementitious material to produce permanent color with variegated or mottled appearance like this of marble. This leads to a natural, tasteful looking surface. Acid solution stains can be purchased in 8-10 different colors, mainly dark brown, renewable, and reddish earth tones. The cost is normally $60-$70 per gallon which protects 300-400 square legs. A layer of clear concrete sealer if you are finished really brings out the colors and beauty of acid solution stains.
Water established concrete stains are an alternative solution to acid staining and are a lot more user friendly because they’re much less toxic. These spots don’t chemically react with the cement; they are assimilated into the surface skin pores and act like a dye. The top advantage of water based discolorations is the wide array of colors available. You can find virtually any color in the variety and create a far more vibrant and steady appearance. They also normally cost about $60-$70 per gallon which addresses 300-400 square toes.
If you wish to venture beyond the essential staining of cement, consider using some credit scoring ways to create patterns on the top. You may make your concrete look like a tile floor for example. It’s up to your thoughts. An perspective grinder with a 4 inches grinding or cutting wheel is the ideal tool for this. The important thing to keep in mind when rating is to attract the pattern on the concrete first and make sure you’re satisfied with just how it looks because rating is irreversible. A lot of people don’t own an viewpoint grinder but you can rent one at almost any tool hire shop. Epoxy paints make a fantastic coating for garage floors and basement flooring surfaces. Many commercial flooring surfaces have epoxy coatings because of their durability and level of resistance to chemical spills as well as the look of them. In recent years, however, it has become very popular for personal use with an increasing availability of different colors. This is not a difficult project, but the key to successful request is surface planning. Epoxy paints also have become available in a water based form so that it is safe for the do-it-yourselfer and perfect for indoor applications. They cost a little more than stains. For a 400 square ft . garage, you’ll spend about $200 for the materials necessary for this project.
With a little bit of money, time, and creativity, you can create a vibrant and beautiful new look for your concrete surfaces.

Enhance your home’s existing cement surfaces

You can enhance your home’s existing concrete surfaces using acid discolorations, water based staining, epoxy paints, and scoring techniques. If you’re tired of considering dull gray concrete, there are some fairly easy assignments for the serious do-it-yourselfer to give your patio, driveway, garage, basement floor, etc. a relaxing new look. Or simply you intend to involve some new cement installed nevertheless, you don’t want basic gray concrete. Attractive concrete work costs dual to triple that of regular concrete and many people simply can’t manage it. You can find inexpensive ways to decorate concrete after it has cured without having to pay skilled tradesmen.
Acid founded concrete stains are becoming increasingly more popular for colouring concrete surfaces. They chemically behave with the cementitious material to produce long term color with variegated or mottled appearance like this of marble. This leads to a natural, tasteful looking surface. Acid stains are available in 8-10 different colors, mainly dark brown, renewable, and reddish earth tones. The cost is generally $60-$70 per gallon which addresses 300-400 square ft. A coating of clear cement sealer when you’re finished really brings out the colors and beauty of acidity stains.
Water established concrete spots are an alternative solution to acid spots and are a lot more user friendly because they’re much less toxic. These discolorations don’t chemically react with the concrete; they are absorbed in to the surface skin pores and act like a dye. The top advantage of water based spots is the wide array of colors available. You can find just about any color in the variety and create a far more vibrant and regular appearance. They also normally cost about $60-$70 per gallon which covers 300-400 square feet.
If you wish to venture beyond the essential staining of concrete, consider using some credit scoring techniques to create habits on the top. You can make your concrete look like a tile floor for example. It’s up to your creativeness. An position grinder with a 4 in . grinding or cutting wheel is the perfect tool because of this. The important thing to keep in mind when rating is to sketch the structure on the concrete first and make sure you’re satisfied with the way it appears because scoring is irreversible. Most people don’t own an angle grinder but you can hire one at nearly every tool local rental shop. Epoxy paints make an outstanding coating for storage floors and cellar surfaces. Many commercial floors have epoxy coatings for their durability and resistance to chemical spills as well as the look of them. In recent years, however, it is becoming extremely popular for personal use with an increasing option of different colors. This isn’t a difficult task, however the key to successful application is surface prep. Epoxy paints also have become available in a normal water based form making it safe for the do-it-yourselfer and well suited for inside applications. They cost a little more than stains. For your 400 square feet garage, you’ll spend about $200 for the materials necessary for this project.
With a small amount of money, time, and creativity, you can create a bright colored and beautiful new look for your concrete floors.

Enhance your home’s existing concrete surfaces

You can enhance your home’s existing concrete areas using acid discolorations, water based discolorations, epoxy paints, and scoring techniques. If you are tired of considering dull gray cement, there are some fairly easy assignments for the serious do-it-yourselfer to provide your deck, driveway, garage, cellar floor, etc. a stimulating new look. Or perhaps you intend to involve some new cement installed but you don’t want simple gray concrete. Decorative concrete work costs two times to triple that of regular concrete and many people simply can’t afford it. A couple of inexpensive ways to enhance concrete after it offers cured without having to pay skilled tradesmen.
Acid structured concrete stains are becoming increasingly more popular for color concrete floors. They chemically respond with the cementitious material to produce long term color with variegated or mottled appearance like that of marble. This leads to a natural, fashionable looking surface. Acid solution stains are available in 8-10 different colors, mainly brownish, inexperienced, and reddish earth tones. The cost is normally $60-$70 per gallon which protects 300-400 square feet. A overcoat of clear cement sealer when you’re finished really brings out the colors and beauty of acidity stains.
Water based mostly concrete stains are an alternative to acid spots and are a lot more user-friendly because they’re significantly less toxic. These staining don’t chemically respond with the cement; they are assimilated into the surface skin pores and act like a dye. The best advantage of water based staining is the variety of colors available. You can find virtually any color in the variety and create a more vibrant and regular appearance. They also normally cost about $60-$70 per gallon which covers 300-400 square legs.
If you want to venture beyond the essential staining of concrete, consider using some scoring ways to create habits on the surface. You may make your concrete appear to be a tile floor for example. It’s up to your imagination. An perspective grinder with a 4 in . grinding or cutting wheel is the ideal tool for this. The important thing to keep in mind when rating is to sketch the pattern on the concrete first and make sure you’re content with the way it looks because credit scoring is irreversible. Most people don’t own an angle grinder nevertheless, you can lease one at nearly every tool rental shop. Epoxy paints make a fantastic coating for storage floors and basement flooring surfaces. Many commercial floors have epoxy coatings because of their durability and resistance to chemical spills as well as their appearance. In recent years, however, it has become extremely popular for domestic use with a growing availability of different colors. This isn’t a difficult project, but the key to successful program is surface prep. Epoxy paints also have become available in a drinking water based form so that it is safe for the do-it-yourselfer and suitable for indoors applications. They cost a bit more than stains. For any 400 square foot garage, you’ll spend about $200 for the materials necessary for this project.
With a small amount of money, time, and thoughts, you can create a brilliant and beautiful new look for your concrete areas.

Enhance your home’s existing concrete surfaces

You can boost your home’s existing concrete surfaces using acid staining, water based stains, epoxy paints, and scoring techniques. If you’re tired of considering dull gray concrete, there are a few fairly easy projects for the serious do-it-yourselfer to provide your veranda, driveway, garage, cellar floor, etc. a relaxing new look. Or simply you plan to involve some new concrete installed nevertheless, you don’t want ordinary gray concrete. Ornamental concrete work costs two times to triple that of regular concrete and many people simply can’t manage it. You will find inexpensive ways to enhance concrete after it offers cured and never have to pay skilled tradesmen.
Acid centered concrete stains are becoming increasingly more popular for colouring concrete areas. They chemically respond with the cementitious material to produce everlasting color with variegated or mottled appearance like this of marble. This leads to a natural, beautiful looking surface. Acid solution stains are available in 8-10 different colors, mainly darkish, renewable, and reddish globe tones. The price is normally $60-$70 per gallon which covers 300-400 square feet. A layer of clear cement sealer when you’re finished really brings about the colors and beauty of acid solution stains.
Water structured concrete spots are an alternative to acid staining and are much more user-friendly because they’re significantly less toxic. These spots don’t chemically behave with the cement; they are assimilated into the surface skin pores and act like a dye. The top advantage of water based stains is the variety of colors available. You can find just about any color in the spectrum and create a more vibrant and steady appearance. In addition they normally cost about $60-$70 per gallon which addresses 300-400 square toes.
If you want to venture beyond the basic staining of cement, consider using some credit scoring techniques to create patterns on the top. You can make your concrete look like a tile floor for example. It’s up to your thoughts. An angle grinder with a 4 inch grinding or cutting wheel is the ideal tool because of this. The main thing to keep in mind when scoring is to pull the style on the concrete first and make sure you’re satisfied with the way it appears because credit scoring is irreversible. A lot of people don’t own an perspective grinder nevertheless, you can rent one at nearly every tool hire shop. Epoxy paints make a fantastic coating for garage area floors and basement surfaces. Many commercial surfaces have epoxy coatings because of their durability and amount of resistance to chemical spills as well as their appearance. In recent years, however, it has become extremely popular for personal use with an increasing option of different colors. This is not a difficult project, but the key to successful request is surface planning. Epoxy paints also have become available in a drinking water based form which makes it safe for the do-it-yourselfer and ideal for interior applications. They cost a little more than stains. For your 400 square feet garage, you’ll spend about $200 for the materials necessary for this project.
With a little bit of money, time, and thoughts, you can create a colourful and beautiful new look for your concrete areas.

Enhance your home’s existing cement surfaces

You can boost your home’s existing concrete areas using acid spots, water based stains, epoxy paints, and credit scoring techniques. If you are tired of looking at dull gray concrete, there are a few fairly easy jobs for the serious do-it-yourselfer to give your veranda, driveway, garage, basement floor, etc. a refreshing new look. Or perhaps you plan to involve some new concrete installed but you don’t want plain gray concrete. Attractive concrete work costs two times to triple that of regular cement and many people simply can’t afford it. You will find inexpensive ways to decorate concrete after it offers cured and never have to pay skilled tradesmen.
Acid based mostly concrete stains are becoming increasingly more popular for color concrete floors. They chemically respond with the cementitious materials to produce long lasting color with variegated or mottled appearance like that of marble. This ends in a natural, fashionable looking surface. Acid solution stains are available in 8-10 different colors, mainly brown, inexperienced, and reddish earth tones. The cost is normally $60-$70 per gallon which protects 300-400 square legs. A layer of clear concrete sealer when you’re finished really brings out the colors and beauty of acid stains.
Water founded concrete staining are an alternative to acid discolorations and are a lot more user friendly because they’re significantly less toxic. These stains don’t chemically react with the concrete; they are utilized into the surface skin pores and become a dye. The top advantage of water based staining is the variety of colors available. You can find just about any color in the range and create a far more vibrant and constant appearance. In addition they normally cost about $60-$70 per gallon which includes 300-400 square foot.
If you want to venture beyond the essential staining of concrete, consider using some rating ways to create patterns on the top. You can make your concrete look like a tile floor for example. It’s up to your creativeness. An position grinder with a 4 inch grinding or cutting wheel is the perfect tool for this. The important thing to keep in mind when credit scoring is to draw the design on the concrete first and make sure you’re content with the way it appears because scoring is irreversible. A lot of people don’t own an perspective grinder nevertheless, you can hire one at almost any tool lease shop. Epoxy paints make a great coating for storage area floors and cellar flooring. Many commercial floors have epoxy coatings because of their durability and resistance to chemical spills as well as their appearance. In recent years, however, it is becoming extremely popular for personal use with an increasing availability of different colors. This isn’t a difficult task, but the key to successful software is surface planning. Epoxy paints also have become available in a normal water based form making it safe for the do-it-yourselfer and suitable for interior applications. They cost a little more than stains. For just a 400 square ft . garage, you’ll spend about $200 for the materials needed for this project.
With a small amount of money, time, and imagination, you can create a bright colored and beautiful new look for your concrete surfaces.

Enhance your home’s existing concrete surfaces

You can enhance your home’s existing concrete areas using acid discolorations, water based spots, epoxy paints, and credit scoring techniques. If you are tired of taking a look at dull gray concrete, there are a few fairly easy tasks for the serious do-it-yourselfer to provide your veranda, driveway, garage, cellar floor, etc. a relaxing new look. Or perhaps you intend to have some new cement installed nevertheless, you don’t want basic gray concrete. Attractive concrete work costs double to triple that of regular cement and many people simply can’t find the money for it. You will find inexpensive ways to decorate concrete after it includes cured and never have to pay skilled tradesmen.
Acid established concrete stains have become more and more popular for colouring concrete surfaces. They chemically behave with the cementitious materials to produce permanent color with variegated or mottled appearance like this of marble. This results a natural, elegant looking surface. Acid solution stains are available in 8-10 different colors, mainly dark brown, renewable, and reddish earth tones. The cost is generally $60-$70 per gallon which includes 300-400 square toes. A layer of clear cement sealer when you’re finished really brings out the colors and beauty of acid solution stains.
Water based concrete stains are an alternative to acid staining and are much more user friendly because they’re significantly less toxic. These discolorations don’t chemically react with the cement; they are absorbed in to the surface pores and act like a dye. The top advantage of water based staining is the wide array of colors available. You’ll find just about any color in the variety and create a far more vibrant and constant appearance. In addition they normally cost about $60-$70 per gallon which includes 300-400 square feet.
If you want to venture beyond the basic staining of concrete, consider using some rating techniques to create patterns on the top. You can make your concrete appear to be a tile floor for example. It’s up to your creativeness. An angle grinder with a 4 in . grinding or cutting wheel is the perfect tool for this. The main thing to keep in mind when scoring is to sketch the structure on the concrete first and make sure you’re content with the way it looks because scoring is irreversible. A lot of people don’t own an position grinder nevertheless, you can hire one at nearly every tool hire shop. Epoxy paints make an excellent coating for storage floors and basement floor surfaces. Many commercial flooring have epoxy coatings for their durability and level of resistance to chemical spills as well as the look of them. In recent years, however, it is becoming extremely popular for residential use with a growing availability of different colors. This isn’t a difficult project, however the key to successful application is surface planning. Epoxy paints also have become available in a water based form which makes it safe for the do-it-yourselfer and suitable for interior applications. They cost a bit more than stains. For the 400 square feet garage, you’ll spend about $200 for the materials needed for this project.
With a little bit of money, time, and creativity, you can create a brilliant and beautiful new look for your concrete areas.

Enhance your home’s existing concrete surfaces

You can boost your home’s existing concrete areas using acid stains, water based staining, epoxy paints, and credit scoring techniques. If you’re tired of taking a look at dull gray cement, there are a few fairly easy projects for the serious do-it-yourselfer to give your terrace, driveway, garage, cellar floor, etc. a refreshing new look. Or perhaps you intend to involve some new cement installed but you don’t want simple gray concrete. Decorative concrete work costs dual to triple that of regular concrete and many people simply can’t find the money for it. A couple of inexpensive ways to enhance concrete after it offers cured without having to pay skilled tradesmen.
Acid founded concrete stains are becoming more and more popular for colouring concrete surfaces. They chemically respond with the cementitious materials to produce long lasting color with variegated or mottled appearance like that of marble. This brings about a natural, beautiful looking surface. Acid stains can be purchased in 8-10 different colors, mainly brownish, inexperienced, and reddish earth tones. The price is normally $60-$70 per gallon which protects 300-400 square ft. A overcoat of clear concrete sealer if you are finished really brings about the colors and beauty of acid solution stains.
Water centered concrete discolorations are an alternative solution to acid stains and are much more user friendly because they’re much less toxic. These discolorations don’t chemically respond with the cement; they are utilized in to the surface skin pores and become a dye. The big advantage of water based discolorations is the wide array of colors available. You’ll find just about any color in the spectrum and create a more vibrant and regular appearance. They also normally cost about $60-$70 per gallon which covers 300-400 square ft.
If you want to venture beyond the basic staining of concrete, consider using some credit scoring techniques to create patterns on the top. You can make your concrete look like a tile floor for example. It’s up to your creativity. An angle grinder with a 4 in . grinding or cutting wheel is the ideal tool because of this. The important thing to remember when rating is to attract the style on the concrete first and make sure you’re content with just how it appears because scoring is irreversible. Most people don’t own an perspective grinder but you can hire one at nearly every tool rentals shop. Epoxy paints make a fantastic coating for garage floors and cellar floors. Many commercial floors have epoxy coatings for their durability and resistance to chemical spills as well as their appearance. Lately, however, it has become extremely popular for residential use with a growing option of different colors. This is not a difficult project, but the key to successful application is surface planning. Epoxy paints have also become available in a normal water based form making it safe for the do-it-yourselfer and suitable for interior applications. They cost a little more than stains. To get a 400 square foot garage, you’ll spend about $200 for the materials necessary for this project.
With a little bit of money, time, and imagination, you can create a multi-colored and beautiful new look for your concrete floors.

Enhance your home’s existing concrete surfaces

You can boost your home’s existing concrete floors using acid spots, water based stains, epoxy paints, and scoring techniques. If you’re tired of considering dull gray cement, there are some fairly easy assignments for the serious do-it-yourselfer to provide your terrace, driveway, garage, basement floor, etc. a stimulating new look. Or simply you intend to involve some new concrete installed nevertheless, you don’t want ordinary gray concrete. Decorative concrete work costs dual to triple that of regular cement and many people simply can’t find the money for it. You can find inexpensive ways to enhance concrete after it offers cured without having to pay skilled tradesmen.
Acid based concrete stains have become increasingly more popular for colouring concrete areas. They chemically react with the cementitious material to produce everlasting color with variegated or mottled appearance like this of marble. This results in a natural, graceful looking surface. Acid solution stains are available in 8-10 different colors, mainly brownish, green, and reddish earth tones. The cost is generally $60-$70 per gallon which covers 300-400 square ft. A coat of clear cement sealer when you’re finished really brings out the colors and beauty of acid stains.
Water based concrete stains are an alternative solution to acid discolorations and are a lot more user friendly because they’re much less toxic. These staining don’t chemically react with the concrete; they are utilized into the surface pores and become a dye. The top advantage of water based staining is the variety of colors available. You can find virtually any color in the variety and create a far more vibrant and consistent appearance. In addition they normally cost about $60-$70 per gallon which protects 300-400 square foot.
If you wish to venture beyond the essential staining of cement, consider using some scoring ways to create habits on the surface. You may make your concrete appear to be a tile floor for example. It’s up to your imagination. An angle grinder with a 4 inch grinding or cutting wheel is the perfect tool for this. The important thing to keep in mind when rating is to attract the design on the concrete first and make sure you’re satisfied with just how it appears because scoring is irreversible. Most people don’t own an position grinder nevertheless, you can hire one at nearly every tool lease shop. Epoxy paints make a fantastic coating for garage floors and basement flooring. Many commercial floors have epoxy coatings for their durability and resistance to chemical spills as well as their appearance. Lately, however, it is becoming extremely popular for residential use with a growing availability of different colors. This isn’t a difficult project, but the key to successful software is surface planning. Epoxy paints have also become available in a normal water based form so that it is safe for the do-it-yourselfer and ideal for interior applications. They cost a bit more than stains. For a 400 square ft . garage, you’ll spend about $200 for the materials necessary for this project.
With a small amount of money, time, and creativity, you can create a colourful and beautiful new look for your concrete areas.

Enhance your home’s existing concrete surfaces

You can enhance your home’s existing concrete floors using acid staining, water based staining, epoxy paints, and credit scoring techniques. If you’re tired of considering dull gray cement, there are a few fairly easy projects for the serious do-it-yourselfer to give your terrace, driveway, garage, cellar floor, etc. a relaxing new look. Or perhaps you plan to involve some new concrete installed but you don’t want ordinary gray concrete. Ornamental concrete work costs double to triple that of regular concrete and many people simply can’t find the money for it. You can find inexpensive ways to decorate concrete after they have cured without having to pay skilled tradesmen.
Acid established concrete stains are becoming increasingly more popular for color concrete floors. They chemically react with the cementitious material to produce long lasting color with variegated or mottled appearance like that of marble. This ends up with a natural, beautiful looking surface. Acid solution stains can be purchased in 8-10 different colors, mainly dark brown, renewable, and reddish globe tones. The cost is generally $60-$70 per gallon which covers 300-400 square toes. A coating of clear cement sealer if you are finished really brings about the colors and beauty of acidity stains.
Water based mostly concrete staining are an alternative to acid discolorations and are a lot more user friendly because they’re much less toxic. These stains don’t chemically react with the concrete; they are utilized into the surface pores and become a dye. The big advantage of water based discolorations is the wide array of colors available. You’ll find just about any color in the range and create a far more vibrant and constant appearance. They also normally cost about $60-$70 per gallon which includes 300-400 square feet.
If you wish to venture beyond the basic staining of cement, consider using some rating ways to create patterns on the top. You may make your concrete look like a tile floor for example. It’s up to your creativeness. An angle grinder with a 4 inches grinding or cutting wheel is the perfect tool for this. The main thing to keep in mind when rating is to draw the design on the concrete first and make sure you’re content with the way it looks because rating is irreversible. A lot of people don’t own an viewpoint grinder but you can lease one at nearly every tool hire shop. Epoxy paints make an excellent coating for garage floors and basement flooring. Many commercial flooring surfaces have epoxy coatings for their durability and resistance to chemical spills as well as their appearance. In recent years, however, it is becoming extremely popular for residential use with an increasing availability of different colors. This isn’t a difficult project, but the key to successful software is surface planning. Epoxy paints have also become available in a drinking water based form making it safe for the do-it-yourselfer and well suited for in house applications. They cost a bit more than stains. For the 400 square foot garage, you’ll spend about $200 for the materials necessary for this project.
With a little bit of money, time, and imagination, you can create a colourful and beautiful new look for your concrete surfaces.